Intermittently engaging clutch

Abstract

Claims

June 9, 1959 P. F. EARLY 2,889,712 . 'INTERMITTENTLY ENGAGING CLUTCH Filed Jan. 26. 1953 39 www? INTERMITTENTLY ENGAGING CLUTCH Paul E. Early, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to Standard-Thomson Corporation, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware Application .lanuary 26, 1953, Serial No. 333,282 9 Claims. (Cl. 74-125.5) This invention relates to an intermittent driving mechanism. It relates to an intermittently engaging clutch and particularly to a one-half revolution clutch, but is not necessarily so limited. Clutches of this type are used in applications in which it isdesired to engage a driven memberto rotate the driven member a portion of a revolution each time the driven member is actuated. An object of this invention is to provide a clutch which will rotate a driven member precisely-the same amount each time the driven member is actuated by the driving member. Another object of this invention is to provide a clutch which will rotate the driven member preciselyV one-half revolution upon each engagement of the driven member by the driving member. Another object is to provide an intermittent driving mechanism in which the driven member is locked in stationary position while it is disengaged from the driv ing member. Other objects and advantages reside in the construction ofA parts, the combinationv thereof and the mode of operation, as will become more apparent from the following4 description. In the drawings, Figure 1 is an exploded view of the clutch showing; pawl of the driving member in disengaged position fromthe: driven member. Figure 6 is an end view of acam plate and a driving member with only a fragment of the driving member shown. Figure 7 is an end view showing a driven member` and a locking spring. Figure 8 is a schematic view illustrating the operation of the pawl. This gure discloses the driying pawl as v it appears in three positions during a complete revolution of the driving member. Referring to the drawingsV in detail, adriving member 1.0.is connected to a drive shaft 12V by means of teeth 14 in the end of the drive shaft l2. Thev teeth 14 areadapted to tsnugly into radial slots 16 in the driving member 10. The shaft 12 is` rotatably mountedl in abearing 18V in a base'2tl. The base 2t) is mounted upon any suitable y clutch support by means of screws or bolts inserted through apertures 22 in the base 20. The driving member 10 slidably and rotatably engages a semicircular cam plate 24 which is mounted upon the ICC base 20 by means of'rivets 26. The heads of the rivets are countersunk into the cam plate 24. The semicircular cam plate 24 is concentric with the bearing 18. A driven member 30, cup-like in shape, is rotatably mounted over the driving member 1t). The diameter of the inner portion of the driven member 30 is slightly larger than the diameterof the driving member 10. The driving member l@ is provided with a pawl 32 pivotally supported byy a pintle 34 in an opening 33, as shown in Figures l, 4 and 5,.. The pawl 32 is so spaced from the center of the driving member 10 that as the driving member 16 rotates, the pawl 32 will contact the cam-plate 24. Thus, due to the fact that the cam plate 24 is semicircular in shape, as the driving member i@ is rotated by the drive shaft 12, thepawl 32 will ride upon the cam plate 24 only one-half of each revolution of the driving member 16. The manner in which the pawl 32 is carried by the driving member 10Yis best shown by theY schematic View in Figure 8. The pawl 32 is provided with a shoulder 36 which is adapted to engage an edge 38 of either of the twov arcuate slots formed in the circular surface of the driven member 30. The edge 38 of each of the slots 40 forms an abutment surface for the shoulder 36 of the pawlA 32m each of the-recesses formed by the slots eti. As the pawl 32 is carried in a circular path by the drive ing member l0, the pawl 32 irst contacts the curved portion 39` of the cam plate 24, as shown at A in Figure 8. The pawl 32 is moved farther upon the cam plate 24 by rotation of the driving member 1t) until the shoul der 36 is'normal to the dat surface of the cam plate 2a. After the pawl 32 has reached this position with the shoulder 36 of the pawl 32 normal to the ilat surface of the cam plate 24, the shoulder 36 engages the edge 33 of one of the slots 40. As the shoulder 36 of the pawl 32 engages the edge 38 of one of the slots 40, the ' pawl 32 actuates rotation of the driven member 3d, as shown at B in Figure 8. The pawl 32 rotates the driven member 30 until a trailing end 42 of the pawl 32 falls from the flat surface of the cam plate 24, las best shown at C in Figure 8. So it may be understood that the pawl 32 drives the driven member 30 throughout the length of the cam plate 24. Thus, the driven member 30 is rotated one-half of a revolution each time it is engaged by the shoulder 3a ofthe pawl 32. After the pawl 32 has dropped from the cam plate 2e, as shown at C in- Figure 8, rotation of the driving member 10 upon which the pawl 32 is pivotally mounted may be stopped orv continued. Regardless of whether the rotation of the driving member 10 is continued or discontinued after the pawl 32 has dropped from the cam plate 24, as shown at C in Figure 8, the driven member 3ft ceases to rotate precisely at the moment at which the end 42 ofthe pawl 32 drops from the cam plate 24. A locking springV 44 attached to theA clutch mounting by means of'a suitable pin or bolt inserted through an aperture 45 is adapted to iit into one of the arcuate slots 40 ofthe driven' member 3i), asbest shown by Figure 7. As` the pawl 32 engages thecurved portion 39 of the cam plate 24; ank upper portion 47 of the pawl 32 engages the locking spring 44, lifting the locking spring 44 from the `slot 40 as the shoulder 36 of the pawl 32 engages the edgeSS of the slot 40. At` the completion of a one-halfY revolution of the driven member 30, vthe pawl 32 is diametricaly opposite the point at which. it rst engages the edge 33 of a slot 4t) and the other slot 40 is so positioned as to allow the spring 44v to snap into position, locking the driven member 30 from further rotation. Thus, it may be understood that the pawl 32 always engages an edge 38' of the slot 4t) which is retained by the locking spring 44. Furthermore, at the end of each one-half revolution of the driven member 30, the pawl 32 drops from the end of the cam plate 24 and is disengaged from the edge 38 of a slot d@ at the same instant that the locking spring 44 engages the other slot 40. The pawl 32, therefore, serves two purposes. First, the pawl 32 unlocks the driven member 3G by lifting the spring 44 from engage- 2,ss9,712 j. n ment within a slot di?. Then the pawl 32 engages an edge y 38 of that slot 4G to rotate the driven member 30 as the pawl 32 engages the cam plate 24. The driven member 3% is adapted to rotate any suitable device by means of bosses 46 spaced equidistant from the center of the driven member 30. The device engaged by the bosses 46 will, of course, be driven precisely onehalf revolution each time the device is; actuated. The members of this clutch mechanism are so designed that the clutch will operate properly at any angle at which it is positioned. The driven member 30 need not be uppermost. In fact, it may be the lowest rotating member of the clutch. During rotation of the driven member 36 by the pawl 32, a force is exerted by the trailing end ft2 of the pawl 32 upon the surface of the cam plate 24. After the pawl 32 has become disengaged from the surface of the cam plate 24, as shown at C in Figure 8, the pawl 32 must remain in the position as shown at C in Figure 8, regardless of the angle at which the clutch mechanism is mounted, until rotation of the driving member it) brings the pawl 32 around to the curved portion 39 of the cam plate 24. The arcuate cam plate as disclosed in the ligures in the drawings extends exactly 180 degrees. Therefore, the driven member always rotates precisely one-half of a revolution each time the driven member 30 is actuated. It may be understood that the cam plate 24 might be so constructed that it would extend for more or less than 180 degrees. This would provide means by which the driven member 3d would be actuated more or less than one-half of a revolution. Although the preferred embodiment of the device has been described, it will be understood that Within the purview of this invention various changes may be made in the form, details, proportion and arrangement of parts, the combination thereof and mode of operation, which generally stated consist in a device capable of carrying out the objects set forth, as disclosed and defined in the appended claims. Having thus described my invention, l claim: 1. In an intermittent driving mechanism, the combination including a cam, a driving member supported adjacent the cam, a driven member provided with an `abutment surface, and means for intermittently interconnecting the driving member to the driven member, said means including a pawl pivotally attached to the driving member and movable therewith and provided with a shoulder engageable with the abutment surface of the driven member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being normal to the direction of movement of the pawl, the pivotal axis of the pawl being located in advance of the abutment surface of the driven member during driving operation, said pawl being held in engagement with the driven member by the cam so that as the cam disengages the pawl the shoulder of the pawl retrocedes with respect to the abutment surface of the driven member. 2. In an intermittent driving mechanism, the combination including a cam having a main surface, a driving member supported adjacent the cam, a driven member provided with an abutment surface, a pivotal pawl member having a shoulder engaging the abutment surface of the driven member during the driving operation, said pawl member having a portion thereof engaging the main surface of the cam during the driving operation, and means attaching the pawl member to the driving member, 4 engaging portion of the pawl member disengages the main surface of the cam. 3. A one-half revolution clutch comprising a base member including a semicircular cam plate, a driving member rotatably supported adjacent the cam plate, a pawl pivotally supported by the driving member and movable thereby, and a driven member rotatably movable adjacent the driving member, the driven member having a pair of abutment surfaces, the distance between the abutment surfaces being substantially equal to the length of the cam plate, the pawl being positioned intermediate the base and the driven member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being ahead of both abutment surfaces of the driven member and spaced from the driven member the pawl being pivotally moved into engagement with one of the abutment surfaces by engagement of the pawl with the cam plate, the driving member forcing the pawl to pivotally move from engagement with the cam plate as the pawl is carried by the driving member from the end of the cam plate. 4. An intermittent driving mechanism, the combination including an arcuate cam plate, the cam plate having a main surface, a driving member rotatably supported adjacent the cam plate, a driven member rotatably supported adjacent the driving member, the driving member and the driven member being concentric with the cam plate, and a pawl pivotally supported by the driving member and movable thereby, the pivotal axis of the pawl being substantially normal to the direction of movement thereof by the driving member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being at the forward end thereof and spaced from the driven member, the pawl being pivotally moved by the cam plate as the pawl is carried by the driving member, the driven member having a plurality of abutment surfaces, the pawl engaging an abutrnent surface of the driven member rotating the driven member during the portion of each revolution of the driving member in which the pawl rides upon the main surface of the cam plate. 5. A one-half revolution clutch comprising support structure, a drive shaft rotatably supported by the support structure, a semicircular cam plate attached to the support structure concentric with the drive shaft, a driving member rotatably carried by the drive shaft adjacent the cam plate, a pawl pivotally supported by the driving member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being substantially normal to the direction of movement thereof by the driving member, the pawl being positioned to contact the cam plate as the driving member rotates, a driven member adjacent the driving member and having a recess therein, the pawl pivoting out of engagement with the driven member as the pawl disengages the cam plate, the recess having an abutment edge, the pivotal axis of the pawl being ahead of the abutment edge of the recess of the driven member and spaced from the driven member, and a resilient locking member attached to the support structure and movable into the recess in the driven member locking the driven said means being positioned so that the shoulder of the pawl member has retrogressive movement when the cammember against rotation, the cam plate causing pivotal operation of the pawl as the driving member rotates, the pawl operatively engaging the locking member moving the locking member out of the recess and unlocking the driven member, movement of the pawl into the recess also causing engagement of the pawl with the abutment edge of the recess rotating the driven member one-half of a revolution during each revolution of the driving member, the pawl thus serving a dual function as a means for unlocking the locking member and as a means for moving the driven member with the driving member. 6. In an intermittent driving mechanism, the combination including a cam plate, a driving member supported adjacent the cam plate, a pawl pivotally supported by the driving member and carried thereby, the pawl contacting the cam plate as the pawl is moved by the driving member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being substantially normal to the direction of movement thereof by the driving member, a driven member having an abutment surface, the pivotal axis of the pawl being ahead of said abutment surface, the pawl being forwardly moved by the driving member and pivotally moved by the cam plate so that the pawl is urged by the cam plate into engagement with the abutment surface of the driven member actuating the driven member, the pawl angularly moving from the cam plate as the pawl disengages from the cam plate as a result of the coaction between the said members so that the pawl pivotally moves from engagement With the abutment surface of the driven member to deactuate the driven member. 7. An intermittent driving mechanism including a stationary cam plate, the cam plate having a main surface and an inclined portion, a driving member movably sup ported adjacent the cam plate, a driven member movably supported adjacent the driving member, the driven member having a plurality of recesses, a resiliently operable locking member supported adjacent the driven member, the locking member being movable into any one of the recesses of the driven member for locking engagement therewith, each of the recesses being provided with an abutment surface, a pawl pivotally supported by the driving member and movable thereby, the pivotal axis of the pawl being substantially normal to the direction of movement thereof by the driving member, the pawl being engageable with the cam plate during movement thereof by the driving member, the pivotal axis of the pawl being at the forward end thereof and spaced from the driven member, the driven member being movable so that any of the recesses thereof is disposed adjacent the cam plate, the pawl being pivotally movable by the cam plate into any one of the recesses of the driven member which is in alignment with the inclined surface of the cam plate, the pawl being firmly held in engagement with an abutment surface of the recess during engagement of the pawl with the main surface of the cam plate, the coaction between said members in cooperation with the camplate causing pivotal movement of the pawl into and out of engagement with the abutment surface of a recess dun'ng movement of the driving member. 8. An intermittent driving mechanism including an elongate cam, a driving member supported adjacent the cam, a driven member provided with an abutment surface, the driven member being driven in the same general direction as the driving member, means for interengaging the driving member with the driven member, said means including a pawl having a portion engaging the abutment surface and a portion engaging the cam during the driving operation, means movably attaching said pawl to one of said members so that the abutment surface travels through a rotary retrogressive path when the pawl is disengaged by the cam, and locking means engageable with the driven member adjacent the abutment surface locking the driven member against movement, said locking means being engageable by the pawl for unlocking thereof as the pawl engages the abutment surface for movement of the driven member. 9. An intermittent driving mechanism including an elongate cam, a driving member supported adjacent the cam, a driven member provided with an abutment surface, the driven member being movable in the same general direction as the driving member, means for interengaging the driving member with the driven member, said means including a pawl having an engagement portion engaging the abutment surface and a portion engaging the cam during the driving operation, and means movably attaching said pawl to one of said members, said means being so positioned that said engagement portion of the pawl travels through a rotary retrogressive path when disengagement occurs between the cam and the pawl. References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 843,020 Jones Feb. 5, 1907 1,834,209 Harper Dec. 1, 1931 2,368,892 Skoog Feb. 6, 1945 2,485,738 Jeschke Oct. 25, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 144,953 Austria Mar. 25, 1936 683,055 Germany Oct. 28, 1939

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Patent Citations (5)

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    DE-683055-COctober 28, 1939AegSelbstverkaeufer fuer Elektrizitaet, Gas, Wasser o. dgl.
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Cited By (2)

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    US-3301076-AJanuary 31, 1967Halley & Sons Ltd JamesIntermittent drive mechanisms for a printing machine web feed roll
    US-3403585-AOctober 01, 1968Nat Acme CoIndexing mechanism